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Central nervous system and BrainMultiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a nervous system disease that slows down or blocks the transfer of messages between the brain and spinal cord with the rest of the body parts. It usually occurs during the younger age with the prevalence ranging from 2 to 150 per 100,000 people. The indications of multiple sclerosis vary between the individuals.

However, some of the commonly observed indications are:

• Optic neuritis- inflammation of the optic nerve that may cause complete or partial loss of vision. If the patient is diagnosed of optic neuritis, its treatment can change the course of the disease.

• Visual changes including blurred vision, flashing lights, alterations in color and finally, loss of vision.

• Difficulty in maintaining balance and co-ordination between different body parts during different activities.

• Facial pain, vertigo and sometimes hearing loss; unsteady gait and shaky movements of the gait (ataxia).

• Tingling, numbness or electric sensation in the chest, abdomen, arms or legs.

• Involuntary action of the bladder and the intestines like constipation and urinary retention.

• A peculiar indication of multiple sclerosis includes the relationship between the higher temperature and the worsening of the symptoms.

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