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Urogenital systemVesicoureteral Reflux (VUR)

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is the abnormal flow of urine from the bladder back to the ureters. VUR is commonly diagnosed in infancy and childhood after the patient has UTI.

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common indication of Vesicoureteral reflux. Not everyone with a UTI develops recognizable indications, but most people have some.

• A strong, persistent urge to urinate

• A burning sensation when urinating

• Passing frequent, small amounts of urine

• Blood in the urine (hematuria) or cloudy, strong-smelling urine

• Fever

• Abdominal or flank pain

Indications in infants with a VUR may include:

• Lack of normal growth (failure to thrive)

• Vomiting and diarrhea

• Lack of appetite

• Lethargy

• Another sign of urinary reflux is a dilated (widened) urinary tract detected on ultrasound scan; this can sometimes be diagnosed before a baby is born when the mother has an ultrasound scan in pregnancy.

As your child gets older, untreated Vesicoureteral reflux can lead to other indications include:

• Bed-wetting

• High blood pressure

• Protein in urine

• Kidney failure

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