Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is the abnormal flow of urine from the bladder back to the ureters. VUR is commonly diagnosed in infancy and childhood after the patient has UTI.
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common indication of Vesicoureteral reflux. Not everyone with a UTI develops recognizable indications, but most people have some.
• A strong, persistent urge to urinate
• A burning sensation when urinating
• Passing frequent, small amounts of urine
• Blood in the urine (hematuria) or cloudy, strong-smelling urine
• Abdominal or flank pain
Indications in infants with a VUR may include:
• Lack of normal growth (failure to thrive)
• Vomiting and diarrhea
• Lack of appetite
• Another sign of urinary reflux is a dilated (widened) urinary tract detected on ultrasound scan; this can sometimes be diagnosed before a baby is born when the mother has an ultrasound scan in pregnancy.
As your child gets older, untreated Vesicoureteral reflux can lead to other indications include:
• High blood pressure
• Protein in urine
• Kidney failure