Nutrition Basics - Cholesterol



Cholesterol is a fat like substance that occurs naturally in the body. Most of the body’s Cholesterol is produced by liver. Since cholesterol is synthesized in the body, it is not a dietary essential. Dietary sources of cholesterol include meat, poultry, fish, ghee, butter, eggs and prawns. Cholesterol produces certain hormones. Body uses cholesterol to protect nerves and make cell tissues. High intakes of cholesterol increase blood cholesterol. These high levels of blood cholesterol can increase risk of heart disease. Cholesterol cannot dissolve in blood. There are two types of cholesterol LDL and HDL .

LDL cholesterol: LDL is low density lipoprotein.LDL cholesterol is bad cholesterol. When too much of cholesterol circulates in the blood, it builds up slowly in the inner walls of arteries and form a plaque, this can narrow the arteries and known as atherosclerosis.

HDL cholesterol: HDL cholesterol is high density lipo protein. It is known as high density lipoprotein. High levels of HDL cholesterol protect against heart disease and low levels of HDL cholesterol increase the risk of heart disease.

Triglycerides: Triglyceride is a form of fat made in the body. People with high triglyceride levels can have high total cholesterol.

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