Nutrition Management - Nutrition and Ulcerative Colitis


  Nutrition and Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerativecolitis: Ulcerativecolitis is a disease of large intestine. Ulcers or open sores formed in the colon. It is a form of inflammatory bowel disease. Ulcers and inflammation of the inner lining of the colon leads to rectal bleeding, abdominal pain and diarrhea. Ulcerativecolitis can be due to poor diet, food allergies and stress.

Dietary guidelines:

Fiber: Patients with ulcerativecolitis should be careful in selecting the type of fiber in their diet. . Soluble fiber is good for ulcerativecoilits patients. Soluble fiber produces soft stools. Insoluble fiber is not good for colitis patients as this may irritates the colon. Soluble fiber foods to eat include apples, pears, carrots, potatoes, white rice and porridge. When you eat these fruits see that the outer skin is peeled.

Omega 3 fatty acids: Fish oils are good source of omega 3 fatty acids. They act as anti-inflammatory agents and reduce inflammation.

Milk and milk products: Milk should be avoided .Milk contains lactose some people may not be able to absorb lactose properly then lactose reaches large intestine  and may cause diarrhea. But milk can be substituted with lactose free milk or soy milk.

Fats: When large intestine is inflamed due to ulcerative colitis the ability to absorb fat is decreased. And this unabsorbed fat may reach large intestine and may cause diarrhea.

Calories: calories may be increased.

Proteins: Proteins may be increased and they help in healing inflammation caused. The requirement can go more than 1gm/kg bodyweight per day and it varies individual to individual.

Vitamins and minerals: As ulcerativecolitis people avoid milk there may be deficiency of calcium. Calcium supplements to be provided. Due to blood loss in motions patients may be at risk of iron deficiency. Iron supplements to be provided .Vitamin A, E and C are antioxidants. Folic acid deficiency may cause colon cancer, folic acid supplements are important.

Fruits: Fruits are good for health. But some fruits may irritate such as pineapple, grapes, dry fruits and watermelon.

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