An allergy is an over reaction of immune system to substances that is harmless to the body. These substances, called as allergens, trigger a response in susceptible children because their immune system is under development and is highly susceptible to allergic reactions. They can enter the body through various routes like inhalation, ingestion, injection, and external skin contact.
The common symptoms that may lead to the clue that the child in suffering from the allergic reactions are as follows:
• Development of patches of bumps or itchy, red skin that oozes clear fluid and forms a crust
• Development of hives
• Repeated or chronic cold like symptoms
• Nose ribbing, sniffing, sneezing, and itchy, runny eyes
• Itching or tingling sensation in the mouth or throat
• Coughing, wheezing, breathing difficulty, or other respiratory symptoms
• Unexplained bouts of diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and other intestinal symptoms
The most common allergens present at home are
• Dust, Pollen, Fungi, Pet animals
• Clothing or toys made, trimmed or stuffed with animal hair
• Latex(toys, balloons, elastic in socks, or other clothing)
• Seed dust (beanbags, toys and cushions)
• Bacterial enzymes(used to manufacture enzyme bleaches and other cleaning products)
• Foods such as cow’s milk, eggs, peanuts, nuts, soy, wheat and gluten and corn
Following are some points that can help kid to avoid airborne allergens
• Keep family pets out of children room and bathe them regularly.
• Remove carpets and rugs from child’s room.
• Don’t hang heavy drapes and get rid of other items that allow dust to accumulate.
• Clean frequently.
• Use special covers to seal pillows and mattresses if the child is allergic to dust mites.
• For kids allergic to pollen, keep the windows closed during the peak pollen season, and don’t allow them to roam in the lawn.
• Keep kids who are allergic to molds away from the damp area and keep bathroom and other mold prone areas clean and dry.