Monsoon brings with it great relief from the summer heat, and leaves behind a host of illness and disease some of which can be life threatening. And children are more susceptible to these diseases.
Malaria is one of the most common monsoon diseases and it is especially rampant in the areas with stagnant water as mosquitoes breed over there. An infection of red blood cells, malaria can be fatal if not diagnosed within the time.
What causes malaria?
Malaria is caused by the parasite Plasmodium which is transferred by the bite of the female mosquito Anopheles . By biting, the mosquitoes transfer the parasite to the blood stream of the body where they multiply within the red blood cells. Since these mosquitoes breed in stagnant and dirty water, a person living near these is more susceptible to getting the disease. Children and pregnant women are more likely to get the disease.
It takes between 9-14 days for the malaria symptoms to show up. The malarial symptoms resemble that of the flu and should be consulted by a doctor if the symptoms persist for more than a week. The common symptoms include:
• Nausea and vomiting
• Frequent cycles of chills and shaking accompanied by fever and extreme sweating.
Prevention of Malaria:
Outbreak of malaria can be endemic. However, it can be easily prevented by taking the following precautions.
• Keep away from mosquito infested places like areas stagnant with water, dirty beaches and garbage dumps.
• Always keep your house clean.
• Always cover the food and water so as to prevent the infection.
• Always prefer using a mosquito net while sleeping. Avoid using mosquito coil and mats as on the long run, these may lead to various respiratory problems.
• Always maintain good eating habits and avoid the outside food.
Follow these simple tips and keep yourself at bay from the deadly disease.