An Ulcer is an open, painful wound (sore) most commonly found in the stomach and small intestine. It occurs because of uncontrolled acid production in the stomach and changes in the immune system.
Ulcer is mainly caused by the bacteria Heliobacter pylori that eat away the protective layering of the inner wall of the stomach and subject it to the highly acidic conditions.
Other causes of ulcer include:
• Spicy food
• Certain medications
• Burning pain in the stomach which,
-feels like a dull ache
-reoccurs after few days or week
-starts 2 to 3 hours after meals
-comes when the stomach is empty and goes after eating.
• Loss of weight
• Loss of appetite
• Sudden sharp stomach pain while eating
• Bloody or blackish bowel movements.(If there is blood in the vomit or bowel, immediately contact doctor.)
• Always wash hands after the use of bathroom and before eating
• Exercise regularly
• Quit smoking
• Drink alcoholic beverages in moderation
• Avoid eating spicy foods
• Avoid intake of certain painkillers like aspirin, ibuprofen and other non steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDS) for longer periods.