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Nutrition and Fitness » Hypothyroidism: Dietary Concerns

Hypothyroidism is an ailment that takes place when your thyroid gland doesn't make enough thyroid hormones.  Thyroid hormones are required for the regulation of body’s metabolism. As a result, those with hypothyroidism or low thyroid level have a diminished metabolism rate. People with this problem frequently experience putting on weight since the body is unable to process the food effectively. It is therefore important for those who've hypothyroidism to follow a unique diet in order to help address the consequences of their ailment as well as take care of their weight.

Below are a few diet suggestions that can help individuals who've hypothyroidism in combating with the disease.

Iodine is a significant element of thyroid hormones and therefore it is a good idea for people with hypothyroidism to eat foods that are abundant in it. This can help promote the creation of thyroid hormones by the thyroid glands. Some of the foods that are rich in iodine are cheddar cheese, sea foods like saltwater fish, sushi, and seaweed, trifle, eggs, and mayonnaise. In addition, utilize iodized salt when cooking your meals rather than rock salt, for more iodine consumption.


Foods rich in fiber are also good for hypothyroid patients. It can help reduce weight, promotes a regular bowel movement, and monitor the cholesterol level in the body. Dietary fiber efficiently handles the three symptoms of hypothyroidism: putting on weight, constipation, and elevated serum cholesterol. Foods abundant in fiber are most fruits and vegetables, cereals, oat meals, and whole grains.

Selenium-rich food should also be included in the diet of people who have hypothyroid. This mineral is required in transforming the thyroid hormone thyroxine (T4), which is the most abundant in the body, into triiodothyronine (T3), the dynamic functional form. The various foods that are an excellent source of selenium are tuna, oysters, brazil nuts, turkey, swordfish, herring, and many more. However, it should be noted that excessive intake of selenium may cause toxicity therefore it's recommended to keep an eye on the intake of these foods.

On the flip side, several foods must be avoided by a hypothyroid patient because they can restrict the thyroid production. These foods that should be avoided include cabbage, broccoli, sprouts, cauliflower, kale, spinach, turnips, linseed, peanuts, soybeans, among others. Avoid processed and refined foods, including white flour and sugar.

Avoid fluoride (including that found in toothpaste and tap water) and chlorine (also found in tap water).Chlorine and fluoride block iodine receptors in the thyroid gland, resulting in reduced iodine-containing hormone production and finally in hypothyroidism.

Garlic may reduce iodine uptake, therefore, it should not be used by persons with hypothyroidism.

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