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Diseases » Psoriasis




Treatment depends upon the severity of psoriasis and not every treatment is suitable to every one. Different treatments include:

1) Topical therapy - this includes various creams, lotions, shampoo. This treatment is used for small portion of the body.

• Corticosteroids include hydrocortisone

• Non steroids include:

Vitamin D - derived dovonex normalizes cell growth

Tazorac is a retinoid like drug which help in maturation and normalizing the cell growth.

Immune modulating drug like protopic and Elidel reduce inflammation without side effects of steroids.

Anthralin works by slowing down the skin cell growth.

2) Keratolytics - these are the medications which are used to dissolve skin flakes and scales. The ingredients present in these mostly include lactic acid, salicylic acid, urea and phenol.

3) Phototherapy -
It is a type of light wave radiation treatment using

• Ultraviolet B (UVB) - its a light box which help to heal lesions.

• Psoralen with ultraviolet A(PUVA) - it involves combined use of photosensitizing medication called psoralen and a long-wave ultraviolet light (UVA).

• Excimer lasers - these are used to treat small localized area of psoriasis.

4) Biological or internal medication:

• Etanercept (Enbrel) and infliximab (Remicade) belong to the class of biologic medicines called tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers.

• Alefacept (Amevive) and efalizumab (Raptiva) are T-cell blockers and block the overactive T-cells.

• Cyclosporin A - it slows the immune system and may help in decrease the inflammation of psoriasis.

• Methotrexate (MTX) - it helps to slow down cell reproduction and decrease inflammation.

5) Self care treatment:

• Minimized stress

• Bathing in hot water help in reducing scaling

• Use a humidifier at home

• Be away from skin injuries and skin infections.

• Keep skin lubricated always by applying some oils, creams and petroleum jelly



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