Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test measures blood glucose in a person who has eaten nothing for a period of 8 hours. This test is used to detect diabetes and pre-diabetes.
• 99 or below - Normal
• 100 to 125 - Pre-diabetes (impaired fasting glucose)
• 126 or above - Diabetes
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) measures blood glucose after a person fasts at least 8 hours and 2 hours after the person drinks a glucose-containing beverage. This test can be used to diagnose diabetes and pre-diabetes.
2-Hour Plasma Glucose Result (mg/dL) & Diagnosis:
• 139 and below Normal
• 140 to 199 Pre-diabetes (impaired glucose tolerance)
• 200 and above Diabetes
Random plasma glucose test is also called a casual plasma glucose test this measures blood glucose. This is done at anytime with out any regards to eating time.
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