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Diseases » Diabetes




Medication:

• Onglyza is a tablet taken once a day to treat type 2 diabetes. This comes under the category called dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor that helps by stimulating the pancreas to produce more insulin.

• Sulfonylurea is an oral diabetes medicine that makes the body produce insulin. Examples include acetohexamide, chlorpropamide, glipizide and glyburide.

• Meglitinides makes the body produce insulin in higher quantity. Examples include nateglinide and repaglinide. These pills are usually taken with meals.

• Thiazolidinediones include pioglitazone and rosiglitazone.

• Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors helps to maintain a low blood sugar level by making the body absorb sugar slowly. These include acarbose and miglitol.

• Sometimes certain medication is combined and given to the patient.

Pancreatic islet transplantation: Pancreatic islet transplantation is the procedure where the islet taken from the donor is purified, processed and transferred to another person. Once the islets are implanted the beta cells begin to make and release insulin. This is usually for type 1 diabetes patient for whom the patients will be able to live without daily injections of insulin.
Risks of islet transplantation include bleeding and blood clots. The side effects of immunosuppressive drugs given to the patient to suppress the immune system activity include inflammatory events.





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