Healthy aging relates to the proportion of older people who live a healthy life with a disability- free life and with an increased life expectancy. The average lifespan of humans is 65 years. Many people feel that aging process is all about gene actions and is not much affected by our life style, but life style, food habits, stress all contribute to aging.
Aging and Disease:
Arthritis i.e. joint inflammation is one of the main problems in aged people. It can be treated by giving proper physical therapy and occupational therapy to maintain joint mobility and range of motion.
Many people have problem with their hearing and also may go deaf after 40 years. The eyes are also affected and have problem with focusing on objects up close. This condition is called presbycusis and it is a sign of aging.
Many feel pain is natural in older age. The real problem behind the aches and pain must be diagnosed. Pain in usually undertreated. The diagnosis and treatment is based on the severity, position and reason of pain. Nerve damage can also cause severe and constant pain.
Sleeping pills needs to be avoided as much as possible especially in older people. They might bring about certain side effects that include memory problem and even falls.
Sleep and Rest:
A good night sleep is always essential to make mind think clearly, since sleep gives relaxation to mind. Studies have proved that nights sleep is necessary for our health and lack of this reduces the growth hormones in our bodies.
Walking is the best exercise, this will help to loosen the muscles, reduces stress and depression. When you exercise, you get a good night sleep, which promotes metabolism. During walking joints become flexible enough to move freely. Additionally walking will help you burn fat and calories. Regular exercise is even more important for seniors than other age groups since the risk of disease and lost mobility is greater and the positive effects are realized more quickly. Activities like walking, swimming, dancing and fishing. Join a walking group or visit your local Y, recreation center, park, church, or senior center.
Things to be avoided:
It is best to reduce or avoid intake of the following following helps for healthy aging, includes
Age and Diet:
A healthy diet is necessary to live a healthy life. If you do not eat right, your body does not receive the nutrients it needs to stay healthy. Fruits and vegetables must be included in the diet.
Eating For A Healthy Heart:
Diet high in saturated fats needs to be avoided since they raise the cholesterol level leading to heart problems. People that are obese are more prone to heart disease. A diet high in sodium may elevate your blood pressure, leading to inflammation and even heart disease. Fish Herring, sardines and salmon are excellent sources of Omega 3 essential fatty acids, which help to bring the cholesterol level down.
It is better to avoid meat, butter and even coconut oil if your cholesterol levels are down. Fiber diet like whole grain helps to control your cholesterol.
Nutrition for the Elderly:
In elderly people dehydration is commonly seen. It is important to have at least 1 ounce of water for every 2.2 pounds of weight.
Protein is very important to support a healthy immune system and prevent the wasting of muscle. High quality protein such as eggs, lean meats, poultry and fish are recommended.
Carbohydrates like bread, cereals, pasta, and other grain products are the main source of energy for the body. A diet with high fiber and water will help to prevent constipation.
Fat intake for the elderly should be limited, not eliminated. Deep frying can be avoided.