Malaria, sometimes called “frios’ (chills), is a disease of animals, especially birds, monkeys and humans, caused by the infection by protozoan of the genus Plasmodium and characterized by chills. These are transmitted by the bite of about 60 species of mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles. The disease may occur in subtropical and tropical regions in almost all parts of the world as well as in other temperature areas.
Human Malaria occurs in four forms, each caused by a different
species of parasite. In each form, the symptoms usually are chills,
fever and sweating. In untreated cases, these attacks recur
• Jungle fever, malignant tertian malaria, or estivo-antumnal malaria, caused by Plasmodium falciparum, is responsible for most of the deaths from Malaria. The organisms in this form of the disease often block the blood vessels of the brain, producing coma, delirium, and finally death.
• Quartan malaria, caused by Plasmodium malaria, has a longer incubation period than either tertian malaria or jungle fever, the first attack does not appear until 18 to 40 days after infection. The attacks recur about every third day.
• Plasmodium ovale is similar to benign tertian malaria. In all forms of the disease, periodic fevers may be less regularly spaced in some people.
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