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Diseases » Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria. Syphilis occurs worldwide, it is the third most commonly reported infectious disease. The rate of syphilis is higher in urban areas. Syphilis is always transmitted through sexual contact; congenital syphilis transmits from mother to child in uterus or at birth. Young adults, ages 15 to 25 are the highest risk population. Primary syphilis first presents as a small painless open sore or a ulcer that is called a chancre. This ulcer typically appears 10 days to 6 weeks after exposure. The often solitary ulcer that appears on the penis is easily visible; however, ulcers that occur on the labia, cervix, anal or in the mouth may go unnoticed because they are painless and not easily visible.

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