Vaginal infections are frequent causes of distress and discomfort in adult women. The most common vaginal infection is bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, and vulvovaginal candidiasis. Some vaginal infections are transmitted through sexual contact, but others such as candidiasis are not.
Vaginal infections are often accompanied by vaginitis, which is an inflammation of the vagina characterized by discharge, irritation and / or itching. The cause of vaginitis cannot be adequately determined solely on the basis of symptoms or a physical examination. Laboratory tests allowing microscopic evaluation of vaginal fluid are required for a correct diagnosis. A variety of effective drugs are available for treating vaginal infection and accompanying vaginitis.