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Diseases » Brain Cancer




Brain cancer is an abnormal growth of cells within the brain or inside the skull, which can be cancerous or non-cancerous (benign). It is also known as Glioma or Meningioma.There is two types of brain cancer. Primary brain cancer starts in the brain and Metastatic brain cancer starts somewhere else in the body and moves to the brain. Brain tumors can be benign, with no cancer cells, or malignant, with cancer cells that grow quickly.

Types:

• Astrocytomas are usually noncancerous, slow-growing cysts. They most commonly develop in children of age 5 - 8.

• Brainstem gliomas occur exclusively in children of 6 years old. The tumor may grow very large before triggering symptoms.

• Ependymomas make up about 8 - 10% of pediatric brain tumors. The tumors are located in tiny passageways (ventricles) in the brain, and block the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).

• Medulloblastomas are the most common type of childhood brain cancer. They occur more often in boys than girls, usually around age 5. Most medulloblastomas occur before the age of 10.





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