drupal analytics


Elbow and Forearm

The elbow joint consists of three bones. They are humerus, radius and ulna. The elbow joint is a hinge joint formed by the articulation between the lower end of humerus with the ulna (humero-ulnar joint) and with the head of radius (humero-radial joint).


• Elbow pain may occur due to Elbow bone injuries, Fractures, Inflammation of lateral/medial epicondyle bone, Golf swing injuries, Tennis injuries, Olecranon bursitis, Ligament sprains, Repetitive strain injury, Overuse of the  hands, Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Nerve entrapment, Radio humeral bursitis, Avulsion fracture.


• Pain, Swelling and Tenderness/Soreness of the elbow joint.

• Pain especially when making a fist/opening of fingers. Elbow joint stiffness.

• Difficulty/Weak grip while grasping objects, lifting, opening door, stretching the arm etc.

• Slight S-shaped Deformity of upper arm, abnormal mobility and restricted movements.

• Decreased sensation near the arm, forearm, and wrist.


•    X ray , MRI(magnetic resonance imaging)


NOTE: The treatment to the fractures, severe pain and post-operative cases should be followed by the advice of the doctor.

• R I C E treatment program is to be followed for pain reduction.

  1. Rest the elbow for few days. Use of elbow casts/below-elbow splints/braces can be done.

  2. Ice application to the inflamed/redness area is to be done for 15-20 min with certain gap.

  3. Compression and Elevation helps reduce swelling and induce healing. Compression done by applying ACE bandage (not very tight).

• Analgesics, Anti-inflammatory drugs, Cortisone injections given under doctor’s supervision.

• Joint mobilization, Soft tissue massage, Electrotherapy modalities done by the physiotherapist.

• Stretching exercises ( to maintain flexibility of  movement)

  1. Forearm flexors stretch- Keep your arms straight, palms facing ceiling. Then push your palm down as much as possible till your comfort level.

  2. Forearm extensors stretch- Keep your arms straight, palms facing floor. Then push your palm down till your comfort level.

• Strengthening exercises

1. Wrist extensors- Stand/sit comfortably. Bend the elbow slightly and support wrist and hold the weight in hand palm facing floor and move up and down.

2. Wrist flexors- Stand/sit comfortably. Bend the elbow slightly and support wrist and hold the weight in hand palm facing ceiling and move up and down.

3. Wrist pronation and supination- Stand/sit comfortably. Place the elbow supported on a table, palm facing ceiling with weight and slowly turn the palm towards the floor.

4. Finger extension with rubber band, squeezing the ball with hand, Gripping exercises (holding objects and pressing).

  Physiotherapy Topics



  Health Info

  Find a Doctor